The houses are Grade II listed buildings. Until 1994 there were no official protective measures in place to ensure the arhitectural integrity of the houses were preserved. Until this time the houses had been fortunate in that owners had largely not made any significant alterations.

Over the years one of the owners, an Architect, had done much to draw the neighbouring owners attention to the importance of the architecture and in doing so probably mitigated much probable change. Two requests were made for listing, one in 1990 and another in 1992. On both these occasions the Department of the Enviroment turned down a request to add the properties to the satutory list.

In 2001 the DCMS (Department for Culture Media and Sport) were requested to look again at considering the house group for listing. In May 2001 the DCMS concluded that the house group would be added to the statutory List as Grade II.


1993 - Deed of Covenant

The Deed of Covenant slightly pre-dated the Article 4 direction. It included the restrictions covered in the Article 4 Direction and preserved the properties for future DCMS assessment.

1994 - Article 4 Direction

The houses were covered by an Article 4 Direction applied by North Somerset Council in 1994. The Article 4 direction removed permitted development rights that are normally allowed under the Town and Country Planning General Development Order. In removing permitted devleopment rights the Article 4 ensures that owners have to apply for planning consent before carrying out the following: - 1. Enlargement, improvement or other alteration, including replacement frames to the windows or doors. 2. Addition or construction of porches outside any door or the construction of any building within the curtilage of the houses. 3. The change of the roof covering. This includes re-roofing, improvement, maintenance or alteration to the material or form. These measures are supplemented by a Deed of Covenant.

2001 - Grade II Listed Building

This covers the terrace of 4 houses and the single detached house. It provides protection to all aspects of the properties; the exterior and interior. In general the overall shape and form of the houses is designed to be protected, the roof to be preserved, the external wall colour to be kept white and the design and colour of windows and the unique external doors. Other external items that are protected are the original front boundary walls and gates. Internally, the marble fireplaces and window cills, parquet flooring, staircases, picture rails, skirtings and doors are also covered. In terms of the overall appearance the listing sets out that Listed Building Consent must be applied for before any alteration is carried out - externally or internally extending to the curtilage that includes the front garden walls and gates and gate piers. One of the listing aims is to preserve uniformity which is key to the design and appeal of the houses.

The following are extracts from the guidance document on The Planning Portal 'Find out more about Listed Building Consent [PDF]' See link at bottom of page to go to the Planning Portal page with this document.

What is a listed building?

A 'listed building' is a building, object or structure that has been judged to be of national importance in terms of architectural or historic interest and included on a special register, called the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Compiled by the Department for Culture, Media and Sports (DCMS), under the provisions of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, the list includes a wide variety of structures, from castles and cathedrals to milestones and village pumps.

What part of the building is listed?

'The curtilage of a listed building is normally considered to be the land, buildings and structures which go with or are ancillary to the principal building. Any buildings or structures which formed part of the land associated with, or belonging to, the principal building at the time of listing are considered to be within the 'curtilage' of the listed building and are therefore considered part of it. Buildings or structures that date from after 1st July 1948, and which are unattached to the listed building, are not considered to be curtilage listed.

Typically, structures covered by curtilage listing might include: walls, gates, railings, gatehouses, stables, urns, statues, dairies, barns, privies and cart sheds. To demolish, alter or move any such structure, you will need to apply for Listed Building Consent.

Listed building consent

Listed building consent is a type of planning control, which protects buildings of special architectural or historical interest. These controls are in addition to any planning regulations which would normally apply. Listed building status can also result in the requirement for planning permission where it wouldn’t ordinarily be required - for example, the erection of means of enclosure. This special form of control is intended to prevent the unrestricted demolition, alteration or extension of a listed building without the express consent of the local planning authority or the Secretary of State. The controls apply to any works for the demolition of a listed building, or for its alteration or extension, which is likely to affect its character as a building of special architectural or historical interest. The control does not depend upon whether the proposed activity constitutes development under Section 55 of the 1990 Act. It extends to any works for the demolition of a listed building or for its alteration or extension in any manner likely to affect its character as a building of special architectural or historical interest.

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