The Close was completed in 1935 but until 1994 there were no official protective measures in place to ensure the architectural integrity of the houses were preserved. For at least 30 years the houses remainded tenanted where owner and landlord H. W. Pippett ensured that they were unaltered. When the properties began to come under private ownership in 1965, one of the new owners, an architect himself, did much to draw owners attention to the importance of the architecture which no doubt made a signicant difference in the limted nature of alterations that took place. The preservation of the houses still with the majority of their original features intact is intrinsic to their appeal.

1994 - Article 4 Direction

In 1994 and Article 4 direction was applied to The Close. While not providing the complete protection that the listing was later to cover, the Article 4 went some considerable way to cover what was later provided by the 2001 listing.

2001 - Grade II Listed Building

In May 2001 the DCMS (Department for Culture Media and Sport) added the house group to the statutory List as Grade II.

The listing covers the terrace of four houses and the single detached house that includes the exterior and interior. The overall shape and form, the roof, the external wall colour, the design and colour of windows and the unique external doors are included. Internal features listed are the marble fireplaces, window cills, parquet flooring, staircases, picture rails, skirtings and doors. External aspects include the original front boundary walls and gates. One of the listing aims is to preserve uniformity which is key to the design and appeal of the houses.

North Somerset Council's conservation department would advise owners if consent is required for work being considered, but in general Listed Building Consent needs to obtained before any alteration is carried out. The following are extracts from the guidance document on The Planning Portal 'Find out more about Listed Building Consent [PDF]' See link at bottom of page to go to the Planning Portal page with this document.

What is a listed building?

A 'listed building' is a building, object or structure that has been judged to be of national importance in terms of architectural or historic interest and included on a special register, called the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Compiled by the Department for Culture, Media and Sports (DCMS), under the provisions of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, the list includes a wide variety of structures, from castles and cathedrals to milestones and village pumps.

What part of the building is listed?

'The curtilage of a listed building is normally considered to be the land, buildings and structures which go with or are ancillary to the principal building. Any buildings or structures which formed part of the land associated with, or belonging to, the principal building at the time of listing are considered to be within the 'curtilage' of the listed building and are therefore considered part of it. Buildings or structures that date from after 1st July 1948, and which are unattached to the listed building, are not considered to be curtilage listed.

Typically, structures covered by curtilage listing might include: walls, gates, railings, gatehouses, stables, urns, statues, dairies, barns, privies and cart sheds. To demolish, alter or move any such structure, you will need to apply for Listed Building Consent.

Listed building consent

Listed building consent is a type of planning control, which protects buildings of special architectural or historical interest. These controls are in addition to any planning regulations which would normally apply. Listed building status can also result in the requirement for planning permission where it wouldn’t ordinarily be required - for example, the erection of means of enclosure. This special form of control is intended to prevent the unrestricted demolition, alteration or extension of a listed building without the express consent of the local planning authority or the Secretary of State. The controls apply to any works for the demolition of a listed building, or for its alteration or extension, which is likely to affect its character as a building of special architectural or historical interest. The control does not depend upon whether the proposed activity constitutes development under Section 55 of the 1990 Act. It extends to any works for the demolition of a listed building or for its alteration or extension in any manner likely to affect its character as a building of special architectural or historical interest.

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